CONFERENCE AT UNIVERSITY OF LA LAGUNA
Professir Luis Vázquez from University Complutense of Madrid, will give the conference entitle "The Adventure of Mars Exploration" next friday 10th of May at 10:30 am, in the Aula Magna of the Mathematics and Physics building of the University of La Laguna (Tenerife). You can check the programme here o visit the webpage of the University of La Laguna.
CONFERENCE: "ASTRONOMY BOOKS THAT HAVE CHANGED THE VISION OF THE UNIVERSE"
Next April 24th at 13:00h, the Professor Marta Folgueira will give a talk at the Mathemathics Science Faculty of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid. The event will take place in the room B-15. You can see the poster here.
CONFERENCE: "THE ADVENTURE OF MARS EXPLORATION"
Last April 18th at 13:00h, the Professor Luis Vázquez gave a talk at the Computer Science Faculty of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid entitled: "The Adventure of Mars Exploration". The event took place in the Sala de Grados. You can see the poster here.
UNIVERSITY REY JUAN CARLOS: "THE ADVENTURE OF MARS EXPLORATION"
NEWS ABOUT COMET 2013 A1
As reported by NASA, Comet 2013 A1 moves slowly toward Mars. May impact, but is more likely to just pass very close. In any case, all the scientific instruments at Mars will be prepared to this unprecedented event. You can view the entire report here.
NeMars: AN EMPIRICAL MODEL OF THE MARTIAN DAYSIDE IONOSPHERE BASED ON MARS EXPRESS MARSIS DATA
Last March 26th, the article: "NeMars: An empirical model of the Martian dayside ionosphere based on Mars Express MARSIS data" was accepted for publication in the scientific journal Icarus from the project members Beatriz Sanchez - Cano, Miguel Herraiz Sarachaga and Gracia Rodríguez-Caderot, among others. The paper describes the empirical model developed for the Mars ionosphere, which is able to reproduce the behavior of this layer immediately from the parameters: heliocentric distance, solar zenith angle and solar activity index F10.7.
EXOMARS: ESA AND ROSCOSMOS SET FOR MARS MISSIONS
ESA Director General Jean-Jacques Dordain and Head of Roscosmos Vladimir Popovkin met in the ESA headquarters in Paris to sign a cooperation agreement between the two space agencies for ExoMars missions in 2016 and 2018. Full new is available here.
WORKSHOP: POLAR PROCESSES IN PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES
Workshop and Seminar for young scientists
MIPT and Polar Geophysical Institute of RAS organize the Workshop and seminar for young scientists "Polar processes in planetary atmospheres" (see attached announcement). You are cordially invited to participate, and to distribute this announcement as broad as possible, in particular among young scientists in your institutions.
This Workshop will take place in Apatity, Murmansk region, Polar Geophysical Institute between April 15-18th, 2013.
Further information http://pgia.ru/
Next Wednesday March 6 at 15:30 Paparini Ms. Claudia, the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy, will give a lecture entitled "Comparison of EGNOS and Global Vertical TEC Maps range at delay and position domain ", in the Seminario del Dpto. de Fisica de la Tierra I (215.0, 4th floor, Faculty of CC. physical).
This talk is part of the Seminar Series Course on Geophysics 2012-2013, framed in the Master of Geophysics and Meteorology.
We hope that the cycle is of your interest.
NEWTONIAN NONLINEAR DYNAMICS FOR COMPLEX LINEAR AND OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS
LUIS VÁZQUEZ & SALVADOR JIMENEZ
- Presents mechanical method for determining matrix singularity or non-independence of dimension and complexity
- Illustrates novel mathematical applications of classical Newton’s law
- Offers a new approach and insight to basic, standard problems
- Includes numerous examples and applications
Newtonian Nonlinear Dynamics for Complex Linear and Optimization Problems explores how Newton's equation for the motion of one particle in classical mechanics combined with finite difference methods allows creation of a mechanical scenario to solve basic problems in linear algebra and programming. The authors present a novel, unified numerical and mechanical approach and an important analysis method of optimization.
This book also presents mechanical method for determining matrix singularity or non-independence of dimension and complexity, illustrates novel mathematical applications of classical Newton’s law, offers a new approach and insight to basic, standard problems and includes numerous examples and applications
Newtonian Nonlinear Dynamics for Complex Linear and Optimization Problems is an ideal book for undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers interested in linear problems and optimization, and nonlinear dynamics.
IN MEMORIAM: DAVID S. McKAY
David S. McKay, Chief Scientist for Astrobiology at the NASA Johnson Space Center, passed away on February 20, 2013. During the Apollo program, McKay gave the first men to walk on the Moon training in geology. In recent years, McKay was perhaps best known for being the first author of a scientific paper postulating past life on Mars on the basis of evidence in martian meteorite ALH 84001. This paper has become one of the most heavily cited papers in planetary science. The NASA Astrobiology Institute was founded partially as a result of community interest in this paper and related topics.
As a graduate student in geology at Rice University, McKay was present at John F. Kennedy's speech in 1962 announcing the goal of landing a man on the Moon within the decade. Kennedy’s speech inspired his interest in helping to train the Apollo astronauts in geology. He was a chief trainer for Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin during their last geology field trip in West Texas. On July 20, 1969, McKay was the only geologist present in the Apollo Mission Control Room in Houston when Armstrong and Aldrin walked on the Moon.
McKay studied lunar dust since the return of the first Apollo 11 samples in 1969, and has contributed over 200 publications on this topic. As a result of this effort, McKay contributed major discoveries, including the source of vapor deposition on lunar soil grains, the formation of nanophase iron globules on lunar soil grains, the processes on the Moon that contribute to grain size distribution, and insight into space weathering and the chemically activated nature of in situ lunar dust.
McKay was honored by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) by having an asteroid named after him in 2002. His IAU citation mentions his years of work on lunar samples as well as the positive effect his research on martian meteorites has had on planetary research. McKay was also a recipient of the Outstanding Graduate Student Award at Rice University, the NASA Superior Achievement Award for Lunar Science Contributions; the Laurels Award from Aviation Week and Space Technology, the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, and the Distinguished Texas Scientist Award from the Texas Academy of Science.
McKay was with NASA for more than 47 years, and made substantial contributions to science during his career. He will be missed.
WORKSHOP: SPACE SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION
The workshop entitled "Space Science and Exploration" organized by the European Commission of Enterprise and Industry was held at the Hotel Meliá Galgos Madrid (C / Claudio Coello, 139) the last 18 and 19 of February. The main purpose of this workshop was to consult to the space research scientific community their point of views on the Commission's proposal for Space Research under Horizon 2020 and the corresponding implementation strategy. In this context, Professor Luis Vázquez Martínez gave a talk at the panel 3B: "Data Explotation from Planets, Moons, Asteroids and Comets". You can view the final agenda of the event and the presentation.
III MEETING ABOUT PLANETARY SCIENCES AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION
A new edition of the biennial "Conference on planetary science and solar system exploration" will take place on 20 and 21 June 2013 at the Geological Faculty of the UCM in Madrid. It is specifically aimed at the community of scientists working on the physics, geology, chemistry and biology and minor planetary bodies in the solar system, and related topics. The deadline for sending abstracts is April 15. More information here.
NOTICE: OPEN SESSIONS PROPOSAL FOR EPSC2013
The next European Congress Planetary Science Congress (EPSC) will host in Londes (United Kingdom) and the sessions and workshops proposals is now open on the web: http://www.epsc2013.eu until 29 January 2013.
RUSSIA TODAY: "EXCITING PLANS FOR THE MARS EXPLORATION"
Last December 13th, an article by Professor Luis Vázquez entitled "Exciting plans for Mars exploration" was published in Russia Today. He spoke about the great moment for the science with the proximity of new discoveries that may be provided by the new missions to Mars. You can view the article here.
The Servicio de Información y Noticias Científicas (Scientific Information and News Service, SINC), from the Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology, FECyT), is publishing today, 05 December 2012, the article "Curiosity puede orientarse observando eclipses" describing the work made by MEIGA researchers (published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society), which allows to predict Phobos eclipses on Mars and that can be used to determine the observation coordinates.
Reference: G. Barderas, P. Romero, L. Vázquez, J. L. Vazquez-Poletti, I. M. Llorente. “Opportunities to observe solar eclipses by Phobos with the Mars Science Laboratory”. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 426 (4): 3195-3200, octubre de 2012. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21939.x.
In mass media
The scientific and cultural newsletter from Universidad Complutense de Madrid is publishing in its 03-10 December 2012 bulletin the monograph: "Mathematical model to predict the Fobos eclipses photographed by Curiosity". There, it is explained how the rover has managed to photograph this amazing astronomical phenomenon, allowing to sustain the model predictions (on 13 and 17 September) and its possible use to determine the position from where they were observed.
You can download the newsletter from this link.
COLLOQUIUM: "THE MARS' EXPLORATION ADVENTURE"
Last Thursday 15th at 13.00, it took place in the classroom Miguel de Guzmán of the Mathematical Sciences Faculty (UCM), the symposium entitled "The Mars' exploration adventure" given by Professor Luis Vázquez Martínez. He discussed why Mars is a great scientific goal for understanding the history and formation of the Solar System. You can see the notice at this link.
XII SCIENCE WEEK (XII SEMANA DE LA CIENCIA)
From the 5th to 18th of November took place in Madrid the XII Science Week. Within this framework, in the faculty of Ciencias Físicas (4th Floor) of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) under the coordination of Professor Miguel Herraiz Sarachaga took place the activity CENTER OF THE EARTH THE SUN: PLAYING WITH MAGNETISM. This workshop was followed on Wednesday 7 and Thursday 8 November at 10:30 hours-12:00 h and 12:00 h-13:30 h.
SCIENTIFIC SESSION ABOUT MARS EXPLORATION AT REAL ACADEMIA DE CIENCIAS EXACTAS, FÍSICAS Y NATURALES
Last November 7th at 19:00, the scientific session called:"Exploración de Marte: dimensión científica y tecnológica" was taken place at the Real Academia de Ciencias exactas, Físicas y Naturales. The speakers were the Professor Luis Vázquez (UCM and member of the Royal Academy), and the Dr.Ing. Ignacio Arruego member of INTA. The invitation to the event and the summury can be seen at this link.
OBSERVED ECLIPSES ON MARS BY THE MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY
Just as the Moon does for Earth, Mars two moons, named Phobos and Deimos, might transit Sun’s disk in the equivalent of partial solar eclipses for Mars. These phenomena are rare on Earth (usually 2.4 times per year from a few locations) but not so on Mars, where several transits might be seen from a single place each Martian year on few predictable seasons.
The MetNet Mars Geodetic Studies Team from Astronomy and Geodesy Department at UCM developed a model to predict and observe Phobos eclipses for MetNet. Now, the model has been updated to be applied to observe Phobos eclipses for the Mars Science Laboratory (*) considering the uncertainties in its landing location beforehand.
The observations could be used by scientists to constrain the location of the lander within the landing area alternatively to radio Doppler positioning, to validate the Phobos orbit; to estimate the rate of its secular acceleration; to study the properties of the shallow subsurface of Mars or even to validate the parameters relating to Earth–Mars-based reference systems.
Now, NASA's Curiosity rover is observing these amazing astronomical phenomenon using its MastCam, sustaining the predictions made (13th and 17th of September). Full entry at NASA/JPL.
Images credit (left): MetNet Mars Geodetic Studies Team, simulated views for the eclipse on 13th September according to the model described in Barderas et al. (*).
Time predictions for the first and last contacts agree with observations precision at 1s level.
Reference:(*) Opportunities to observe solar eclipses by Phobos with the Mars Science Laboratory, Gonzalo Barderas; Pilar Romero, Luis Vázquez; José L. Vazquez-Poletti and Ignacio M. LLorente.
ARTICLE: "CLOUD LENDS POWER TO NEXT GENERATION MARTIAN MISSIONS"
Last October 29th the article of Professor Jose Luis Vazquez-Poletti entitled "Cloud Lends power to next generation martian mission" was published in High Performance Computing. The article talks about the whole course of the MetNet mission and particularly, about the Spanish progress of MEIGA as well as the recent achievements by our team in the prediction of eclipses which NASA's rover "Curiosity" Mars has photographed. You can view the entire article at this link.
THIRD MOSCOW SOLAR SYSTEM SYMPOSIUM
Held 8-12 at the Space Research Institute of Moscow was attendedby Professors Luis Vázquez Martínez("The Martian planetary boundary layer" y "MetNet-New kind of in situ Observations Network for Mars") and Marina Díaz Michelena ("Compact Miniaturized Sensors for Magnetic Mineralogy on Mars").
"CURIOSITY": THE SPANISH PRESENCE IN THE EXPLORATION OF MARS
An article written by Luis Martinez and Vicente Gómez Vázquez Miller: "Curiosity: The Spanish presence in the exploration of Mars" has been published this week in the frame of the forum of innovative companies (http://foroempresasinnovadoras.com/) in the magazine El nuevo lunes.
You can consult this link.
CONFERENCE: "UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LAS TORMENTAS GEOMAGNÉTICAS Y SUS EFECTOS EN NUESTRA SOCIEDAD TECNOLÓGICA"
Professor Miguel Herraiz Sarachaga will give that conference next Tuesday October 16 at 13:30 in the classroom 1 of the Faculty of Physical Sciences at UCM, in the frame of seminar series "Talking of Physics" (especially for students). You can visit the program at this link.
EUROPEAN PLANETARY SCIENCE CONGRESS 2012 (EPSC-2012)
The last annual edition of the european congress about planetary science EPSC was held at IFEMA-Feria de Madrid on the dates 23-28 September 2012 and where several members of the Project presented their latest research. More information on the following link: EPSC2012.
During this week, the following scientific contributions by the following members of the Project have been done:
- M. Ramírez-Nicolás, B. Sánchez-Cano, D. Usero, L. Vázquez and M. Herraiz: Charged particles behaviour with real data on Mars (Oral comunication)
- B. Sánchez–Cano, O. Witasse, M. Herraiz, S. M. Radicella and G. Rodríguez – Caderot: Study of topographic effects on the main Martian ionospheric peak with the Mars Express MARSIS instrument (Poster)
- G. Barderas, P. Romero and L. Vázquez: Phobos Eclipse Observation Opportunities with the Mars Science Laboratory (Poster)
- D. D. Morgan, D. A. Gurnett, F. Duru, O. Witasse, B. Sanchez-Cano, J. J. Plaut, Y. Gim, and J. Mouginot: Total Electron Content from Mars Express Topside Ionospheric Sounding (Poster)
- W. Schmidt, A.-M. Harri, L. Vázquez, V. Linkin, and S. Alexashkin: Autonomous Operation of Mars Meteorological Network (Poster)
A.-M. Harri, H. Haukka, S. Alexashkin, H. Guerrero, W. Schmidt, M. Genzer, and L. Vazquez:
Mars MetNet Mission Payload Overview (Poster)
- A.-M. Harri, W. Schmidt, V. Linkin, S. Alexashkin, L. Vazquez, and T. MetNet-Team: MetNet Mars Mission - New Lander Generation for Martian in situ Surface Observations (Oral comunication)
EUROPLANET MARS WORKSHOP
The last 29th and 30th of August, Professors Luis Vázquez and Pilar Romero gave a lecture in the Europlanet Mars workshop (https://europlanet-scinet.fi/index.php?id=107) held in Tallinn, Estonia with the respectively presentations: "On the Martian Boundary Layer" (L. Vázquez, G. Martínez y F. Valero) y "Determining Mars Lander coordinates using Phobos Transit Observations" (P. Romero y G. Barderas).
CONFERENCE IN THE CAFFÈ DELLA VERSILIANA: OBIETTIVO MARTE. ESISTE VITA SUL PIANETA?
CURIOSITY'S ARRIVAL AT MARS
On August 6th, Curiosity-MSL rover of NASA descended successfully into the crater Gale of the Martian surface. This mission was launched on November 26th of 2011, in order to determine if life could exist on Mars in the past, to characterize its climate and geology and to prepare us for the human exploration.