Mars Missions

MISSION

COUNTRY

LAUNCH

RESULTS

Marsnik-1

URSS

10/10/1960

Exploded before reach terrestrial orbit

Marsnik-2

URSS

10/14/1960

Exploded before reach terrestrial orbit

Sputnik 29

URSS

10/24/1962

Exploded in terrestrial orbit

Mars 1

URSS

11/01/1962

Passed by Mars 200,000 Km.

Sputnik 31

URSS

11/04/1962

Failure in terrestrial orbit

Zond 1

URSS

06/04/1964

Failure before reach terrestrial orbit

Mariner 3

USA

11/05/1964

Entered in Sun orbit

Mariner 4

USA

11/28/1964

First Mars photos (21)

Zond 2

URSS

11/30/1964

Communications failure

Zond 3

URSS

07/18/1965

Destroyed in terrestrial orbit

Mariner 6

USA

02/24/1969

Photograhies. Passed by Mars 3,215 Km.

Mariner 7

USA

03/27/1969

Photograhies. Passed by Mars 3,516 Km.

Mars 1969 A

URSS

03/27/1969

Launch failure

Mars 1969 B

URSS

04/02/1969

Launch failure

Mariner 8

USA

05/08/1971

Launch failure

Cosmos 419

URSS

05/10/1971

Launch failure

Mars 2

URSS

05/19/1971

Second artificial satellite of Mars. Surface module destroyed

Mars 3

URSS

05/28/1971

Third artificial satellite of Mars. Surface module sent signals for 20 seconds

Mariner 9

USA

05/30/1971

First artificial satellite of Mars (7,329 Photos)

Mars 4

URSS

07/21/1973

Passed by Mars 9846 Km.

Mars 5

URSS

07/25/1973

Operative 9 days in Martian orbit (60 Photos)

Mars 6

URSS

08/05/1973

Surface module sent data during the descent but crashed.

Mars 7

URSS

08/09/1973

Surface module passed by Mars 1,500 Km.

Viking 1

USA

08/20/1975

First surface data. Operative during several years

Viking 2

USA

09/09/1975

Second successful module. Operative during several years

Phobos 1

URSS

07/07/1988

Communications failure approaching Mars

Phobos 2

URSS

07/12/1988

Contact lost during obtaining Phobos photos

Mars Observer

USA

09/25/1992

Contact lost approaching Mars

Mars Global Surveyor

USA

11/07/1996

Operative until November 2006

Mars-96

Rusia

11/16/1996

Failure leaving terrestrial orbit

Mars Pathfinder

USA

12/04/1996

First robotic vehicle. More than 160,000 photos

Nozomi

Japón

07/04/1998

Failure before entering in Martian orbit

Mars Climate Orbiter

USA

12/11/1998

Lost before entering in Martian orbit (1999 September 23th)

Mars Polar Lander

USA

01/03/1999

Lost landing

Mars Odyssey

USA

04/07/2001

Still operative

Mars Express

ESA

06/02/2003

Orbital module operative. Surface module lost (Beagle 2)

Mars Exploration Rover: Spirit

USA

06/10/2003

Still operative

Mars Exploration Rover: Opportunity

USA

07/07/2003

Still operative

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

USA

08/12/2005

Still operative

Phoenix

USA

08/04/2007

According to previsions